Thus, whereas for plato the crown of ethics is the good in general, or goodness itself (the good), for aristotle it is the good for human beings and whereas for plato the genus to which a thing belongs possesses a greater reality than the thing itself, for aristotle the opposite is true. According to aristotle, what is happiness what does aristotle mean when he writes that the good for man is self-sufficient 3 happiness, the end of life, that to which all things aim, is activity in accordance with reason (the arete or peculiar excellence of a person. Virtue, according to aristotle, is a disposition to act in a particular manner, but it is not a subconscious or a natural disposition rather, it is a carefully, consciously, and rationally inculcated habit that is done for its own sake. Aristotle believes the happy life is the good life for the reason that he thinks happiness is the only thing we value for its own sake, and happiness is not a means to any other things as it is an end in it self. Start studying ethics aristotle learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools search according to plato the world in which we live is only a reflection or shadow of what to insure the good life for its citizens the reason is the what of society the citizens.
When we turn to another famous ancient greek philosopher, aristotle (384 bc – 322 bc), we find little of the political regimentation that characterizes his teacher, plato for aristotle, the appropriate behavior is the “golden mean,” that is, the avoidance of “extreme” or unrealistic. Plato’s life and works – plato “was born into an influential family of athens” athens was at the center of the greek miracle, the use of reason to understand the world athens was at the center of the greek miracle, the use of reason to understand the world. So, as aristotle points out, saying that eudaimon life is a life which is objectively desirable, and means living well, is not saying very much everyone wants to be eudaimon and everyone agrees that being eudaimon is related to faring well and to an individual's well being. According to aristotle, the end of the state is the good life and for the life lived a life of virtue and morality true freedom consisted in ruling and being ruled in turn according to the agreed-on laws of the community.
Aristotle (384-322 bc), a generation younger than plato (427-347 bc), studied under him in athens and was his great philosophical rival the shadow of plato was surely a long one: plato had revolutionized the understanding of reality (metaphysics) and of knowledge (epistemology) by introducing the idea of a kind of reality that is utterly independent of the physical world which we observe. W ith the system of eudaimonism, plato and aristotle attempt to arrive at a theory or system or set of moral principles or values dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation they further go on in applying these principles of conduct in governing an individual or group their main concern with conformity to this standard of right is the idea of virtue. Aristotle vs plato comparison aristotle and plato were philosophers in ancient greece who critically studied matters of ethics, science, politics, and more influence of aristotle vs plato but to create a space where its people could live a good life and perform beautiful acts although eschewing a utopian solution or large-scale. To “plato literature is politics, to aristotle literature is science” the significance of the above stated hypotheses hinge on a scholarly effort to advance a unique perspective to the two. Plato and aristotle, two leading figures of ancient greek civilization, were earliest philosophers who thought about justice and developed theories about the sublime aspects of being just this assignment is an attempt to prove that pursuing a life of justice would make living more worthwhile than being unjust or a combination of just and.
The happy life is the life according to unimpeded virtue, and that virtue is a mean (average), then the life which is in a mean, and in a mean attainable by every one, must be the best. Chris surprenant (university of new orleans) discusses the account of human well-being and the good life presented by socrates in plato's dialogues. Chris surprenant (university of new orleans) discusses the account of human well-being and the good life presented by aristotle in the nicomachean ethics and politics. Aristotle conceives of ethical theory as a field distinct from the theoretical sciences its methodology must match its subject matter—good action—and must respect the fact that in this field many generalizations hold only for the most part. According to a conventional view, plato’s philosophy is abstract and utopian, whereas aristotle’s is empirical, practical, and commonsensical such contrasts are famously suggested in the fresco school of athens (1510–11) by the italian renaissance painter raphael , which depicts plato and aristotle together in conversation, surrounded by.
Plato the greek was born in 428-429 bc, though plato was not his real name in fact, plato is greek for “broad” or “flat,” a nom de guerre he gave himself as a wrestler in the isthmian games due to his unusually broad shoulders. According to the most popular explanation, alexander ordered aristotle’s works in a way that the books devoted to the first philosophy were placed just after physics. Aristotle vs plato excellence is a function which renders excellent the thing of which it is a function is plato’s definition of virtue what does this definition really mean though. Justice according to plato and aristotle justice has always been an interesting topic for philosophers and also for ordinary people justice can be defined briefly as “the fairness in the way that people are treated” (collins cobuild, p 910.
A captain's authority rests on knowledge of navigation / the state should be piloted (lead) by someone who has adequate knowledge just as the captain of the ship should know have knowledge of navigation and know how to navigate the leader of a state should have knowledge of leadership and know how to lead. Whereas aristotle is not nearly as interested in erotic love (erôs) as he is in friendship (philia), for plato the best kind of friendship is that which lovers can have for each other it is a. Essay: art as imitation in plato and aristotle posted on january 9, 2013 by literaryfruit ancient greek thought held that poetry, drama, and other forms of fine art were imitations of reality, a reality that could be actual or potential. According to plato, we should live our life trying to understand the eternal truths (plato's forms) when we understand the form of something, we are like the prisoner being freed from the cave.